Acronyms A-F

Acronyms A-F

What’s an acronym? It’s an abbreviation of a larger word (or words) that sometimes makes a new word on it’s own, such as DOS-Disk Operating System. I have accumulated a list of acronyms from various sources I have long since forgotten. If you know of some that are missing (I’m sure there are many), e-mail them to me and I’ll consider including them on the page.


AA Author's alteration
A-D Analog to digital
ADB Apple Desktop Bus
AFM Adobe Font Metrics
AFP AppleTalk Filing Protocol
ANSI American National Standards Institute
APD Aldus Printer Description file
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASIC Application-Specific Integrated Circuit
AT Advanced Technology, as in PC/AT
ATM Adobe Type Manager
BDR Basic Density Range
BMP As in BitMaPped (PC file format)
BNC British National Connector
BPS Bits Per Second
CAD/CAM Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing
CCD Charge-Coupled Device
CD Compact Disc
CDR Copy Density Range
CD-ROM Compact Disc Read-Only Memory
CEPS Color Electronic Prepress System
CGA Color Graphics Adapter
CGI Computer Graphics Interface
CGM Computer Graphics Metafile
CISC Complex Instruction Set Computing
CMOS Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (semiconductor type)
CMS Color Management System
CMYK Cyan, magenta, yellow, and black
CPU Central processing unit
CRC Cyclical Redundancy check
CRT Cathode-Ray Tube
CT Continuous Tone
CT2T Continuous Tone to Ttape
DA Desk Accessory
DAT Digital Audio Tape
DCS Desktop Color Separation
DCT Discrete Cosine Transform
DDCP Direct-Digital Color Proof
DDES Digital Data Exchange Specifications
DHCP Dynamic Host Control Protocol
DIB Device Independent Bitmap
DMA Direct Memory Access
DOS Disk Operating System
DPI Dots Per Inch
DRAM Dynamic random-access memory
DSP Digital Signal Processor
DTP Desktop Publishing
DVD Digital Video Disk
DXF Drawing Interchange Format
EBCDIC Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EDG Electronic Dot Generation
EEPROM Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory (see EPROM)
EGA Enhanced Graphics Adapter
EISA Extended Industry Standard Architecture
EPROM Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory (see EEPROM)
EPS Encapsulated PostScript
ESDI Enhanced Small Device Interface
FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FLOPS Floating-Point Operations Per Second
FOND Font Family Descriptor
FPU Floating-point unit
FTP File Transfer Protocol
GATF Graphic Arts Technical Foundation
GB Gigabyte
GCR Gray Component Replacement
GCR Group Coded Recording
GEM Graphics Environment Manager
GIF Graphic Interchange Format-CompuServe
GKS Graphical Kernel System
GPIB General-Purpose Interface Bus
GPS Global Positioning Systems
GUI Graphical User Interface
H&J Hyphenation and justification
HADA High Availability Disk Array
HCL Hue, Chroma, and Luminance
HDTV High-Definition TeleVision
HGC Hercules Graphic Card
HPGL Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language
HSB Hue-Saturation-Brightness
HIS Hue-Intensity-Saturation
HLS Hue-Lightness-Saturation
HSV Hue-Saturation-Value
HTML Hyper Text Markup Language
Hz Hertz-frequency unit equal to one cycle per second, see also kHz, MHz

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